Eggplant Parmigiana – Italian/American Style

This is the standard for Eggplant Parmigiana at any Italian Restaurant or Pizzeria in the United States. I’m not knocking it, on the contrary, I could eat this every day. But this is not the way my grandmother used to make Eggplant Parmigiana. Back in November of 2010 I posted Grandma’s Eggplant Parmigiana here. This dish and my Grandma’s dish are very different. Grandma did not bread the eggplant and she did not use mozzarella cheese in the layers. Other than that, they are similar. What version you like best you will have to judge for yourself. I like them both.

This is the classic recipe for eggplant parmigiana, except I like to use grated sharp provolone along with the Parmesan cheese and mozzarella.  I think it adds a little more depth to the dish.  This dish has a lot of steps and is very time-consuming to prepare, so I make enough to freeze a tray for another meal. The end results is well worth your effort and time and whatever you don’t get to finish at the first meal only gets better the next day, warm or cold.


Eggplant Parmigiana

For the Sauce:

  • 1/4 cup olive oil
  • 2 onions, chopped
  • 6 cloves of garlic, diced
  • Salt
  • 1/2 or 1 teaspoon red pepper flakes, according to taste
  • 1 tablespoon sugar
  • 3 cans of San Marzano peeled tomatoes, crushed by hand


  • 3 medium eggplant, sliced 1/4 inch rounds
  • kosher salt
  • 3/4 cup flour
  • Freshly ground black pepper
  • 6 large eggs, beaten
  • 3 tablespoons of whole milk
  • 4 cups Italian flavored breadcrumbs
  • 1 tablespoon dried oregano
  • peanut oil for frying as needed
  • 1 1/2 pounds mozzarella cheese, sliced
  • 1 pound sharp provolone, grated
  • 1/2 cup grated Parmesan cheese
  • fresh torn basil leaves


Slice the eggplant into 1/4 inch rounds. I leave the skin on. Salt each side of the cut eggplant and place either on a colander to drain or a sheet pan. Let sit for one hour. This salting draws out the bitterness of the eggplant.  At the end of the hour rinse the eggplant with cool water and dry well with paper towel or dish towel. Set aside.

After you salted your eggplant you can start on the sauce while the eggplant sit for an hour. In a large sauce pot heat the olive oil on medium flame. Add the onions, garlic, a sprinkling of salt and red pepper flakes. Cook, stirring occasionally for about 5 minuets or until the onions are soft and translucent. Add the cans of San Marzano tomatoes and sugar. You can crush the tomatoes by hand as you place them in the pot or toss in all three cans of tomatoes and mash down the tomatoes with a potato masher, just to break them up.


You’re looking for a chunky tomato sauce so you don’t have to make puree out of it. Bring the sauce to a boil, lower the heat to medium and simmer uncovered for 30 minutes, or until thickened. Taste for salt and pepper. Set aside.


While the sauce is cooking you can start your assembly line to bread and fry the eggplant. I use 3 – 9″x 9″ aluminum pans to hold the flour, egg wash and bread crumbs. In one pan or plate add your flour and a good sprinkle of salt and black pepper. In the second pan beat the 6 eggs with milk, season with salt and pepper and in the third pan add the flavored breadcrumbs and oregano.

Take your dried eggplant and coat it in the flour first, then dip into the egg wash to cover the entire eggplant, then bread them on both sides. Try and keep one hand for the wet ingredients and the other hand for the dry ingredients so you don’t get all your fingers “caked up”. But I don’t care how hard you try, your hands will be a mess. Not to worry, it all washes off.  Place the breaded eggplant on a sheet pan until you are ready to fry them.


In a large skillet or saute pan heat about 1/2″ of oil on medium high heat, until the oil reaches about 380 degrees. Fry each eggplant in the hot oil about 1 minutes each side or until golden brown. Don’t overcrowd the eggplant, fry in small batches until all the eggplant is fried. Place the cooked eggplant on layers of paper towel to absorb the excess oil. After each layer of eggplant place another sheet of paper towel. Once you have fried all the eggplant you are ready to assemble the dish.

Preheat the oven to 350 degrees.

In a 9×13 baking dish pour a ladle and a half of sauce.


Put a single layer of eggplant on top of the sauce. It’s OK if some of the eggplant overlaps.


Top with the mozzarella cheese, a sprinkle of Parmesan and provolone cheese and a few fresh basil leaves torn over the top.


Ladle on more sauce and repeat the layers. You should have 3 layers of eggplant ending with mozzarella. Bake the eggplant for about 30-45 minutes or until bubbly.


Allow to rest for 15 minutes before cutting and serving.

This recipe makes two trays of eggplant Parmigiana. Do not bake the second tray. Cover the top with plastic wrap and cover that tightly with aluminum foil. Will stay in the freezer up to 6 months. Take out the night before to thaw in the refrigerator before baking for 35-45 minutes covered,  or until bubbly. Take the cover off the last 15 minutes.


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Red Wine and Coffee Braised Short Ribs

My children are responsible for placing me on different paths in the culinary world. Their encouragement and positive reviews also make all the work and preparation worth it. Nothing is more rewarding to the chef than to have someone appreciate the food you make. It’s the only reward you need. Years ago my sons got me a smoker. That summer I was having a ball experimenting with smoked meats and fish and telling the whole neighborhood that smelling hickory smoke all day is a  good thing. The most recent addition to my kitchen arsenal is a slow cooker.  My children got me a slow cooker for my birthday this year. I have not had one since the 70’s, and back then we called them crock pots. Today’s slow cookers come with some nice modern electronic features that helps you control and hold the cooking process. But in the end, all it does is slowly cook your food at low temperatures resulting in a tender, fall off the bone meat dish with tons of infused flavor. Mmmmmm!

So naturally, I’m now experimenting using my new slow cooker with some time-tested recipes I know. Braised short ribs heads my list of things to try. So here you go. What’s not to love about short ribs. If prepared properly, it’s one of the most tastiest, beefy , mouth-watering morsels you can put in your mouth.

I thought it would be fitting to include my new slow cooker in my short rib recipe and put it to work.  This dish takes two days to prepare, so just know, in the end, it’s worth it. Once prepared and cooked you can chill your short ribs for a few days before you heat and serve them. They only get better with time.


Red Wine and Coffee Braised Short Ribs

  • 1/2 cup red wine
  • 1 cup strong brewed coffee, cooled
  • 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar
  • 1/4 cup firmly packed dark brown sugar
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 4 cloves garlic, minced
  • 2 bay leaves
  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1 teaspoon black pepper
  • 2 Jalapeno peppers, minced (if you don’t want a lot of heat scrape off and discard the seeds)
  • 1/4 teaspoon cayenne
  • 1/2 teaspoon tried thyme
  • 5 pounds of beef short ribs, cut into 3 inch pieces

In a glass 13 x 9 inch glass baking dish, such as Pyrex, combine the coffee, vinegar, brown sugar, onion, garlic, jalapeno, bay leaves, paprika, salt and pepper, cayenne and thyme. Add the short ribs and turn to coat, leaving the meaty part facing down in the marinade. Cover the dish with plastic wrap and refrigerate overnight.

The next day take the marinated short ribs out of the refrigerator an hour before cooking them. Place all the short ribs and marinade in your slow cooker and cover. Cook on high for 5 1/2 – 6 hours or low 11 to 12 hours. Both time tables gives you great results, it’s just a matter of how long you want them in for. If you’re home while cooking you might want them done sooner. If you set it and leave for the day the longer time will work for you.

Remove the short ribs from the liquid and place covered in the refrigerator. Pour the liquid into a container and allow the liquid to cool to remove the fat layer. When you are ready to reheat the meal, strain the liquid of all the solids and place into your slow cooker. Add the meat and reheat the meat and the liquid just before serving. An hour on high should do the trick. If you want more intense flavor, reduce the liquid by half in a sauce pan.


I serve these short ribs over a mound of mashed potatoes with the gravy drizzled over all. Make a green vegetable side dish and your meal is ready.

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Lentil Soup with Italian Sausage and Kale

Rose.      FEATURE

Rose, Rosie, Roe, Mom, Aunt Rose, Grandma, Nana, a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. You broke my heart for the first time last week Mom.

Mom would have been 96 years old on October 27th. But we’ll just give her those few days. She passed on October 14.

She was born in 1918, so long ago. World War 1 ended in 1918. She survived the Spanish flu pandemic.  The US House of Representatives passed the amendment allowing women to vote in 1918.  Mom started her life on Elizabeth Street in the heart of “little Italy” in New York City. I guess you could say she was “old school”. That’s an understatement. She lived through the Great Depression, which influenced the rest of her life, and World War II, as well did my Father.  The influence she had on me and my brother and sister was epic. She made us what we are today. Her and my grandmother were my mentors in the kitchen. Everything I know and cook today was influenced by them. All of the recipes in my blog I cooked because of them. If you enjoy only one of those dishes, you can thank her. What I share on these pages are their legacy. And what a legacy they left.

I’ve been tested throughout my life by my mother. Early on she nurtured me and was always there for me. She bandaged my cut knee and chin and kissed the hurt goodbye. She saved my life a number of times. Once from a stubborn fruit bowl that got stuck on my head and another time when I stopped breathing from a bad fall and she lifted me up and ran with me in her arms to Doctor Gennarelli’s office at the end of my block. As caring and nurturing as she was she played the role as the disciplinarian in the family. My father was too busy going to work everyday and when he was home he would take his time to play and have fun with us. Mom always meant business.

My mother played a major role in making sure my brother Richard was not influenced by the high school gang members that turned out as wise guys from the neighborhood and landed in jail or were killed. She made sure she would know where and with who each of her children were hanging out with, going as far as meeting the families of our friends and getting close to them as we were with their children. My mother would never go to sleep unless we were all home in bed, no matter how old we were and what time we came back in. She always encouraged us to be the best that we could be. And if we didn’t quite make it to the finish line she praised us for our effort and giving it a good try. She was our safety net, our boo-boo blanket, our security blanket.

We loved her, we feared her, we always wanted to please her. We would also get very angry at her. Like the time I was paged at the Atlanta airport on my way home from a trip to Florida. When the airline administrator heard my voice on the phone she was surprised to hear I was a 42-year-old adult. She thought I was a child traveling alone when she got the message from my mother that my flight was cancelled to Newark and she booked me on a flight to Kennedy. My car was in Newark, and I didn’t need my mother’s help to get me home that afternoon. That was the last time I ever gave my mother flight information about my travels. She knew when I left, and I’d call her when I returned. But then again, my mother knew where I was before I even got there. She was always a step ahead of us. Ya just couldn’t fool Mom.

Like the time I played too much hooky from school. My guidance counselor, who my mother was very close with, called the house that day to see how I was doing because I was not in school all week. Much to my mother’s surprise.  She knew exactly where to go to find me, and dragged me home with her iron grip. I had no hiding places in my room from my mom. If she didn’t like what I had, or it was contraband, she would make it disappear, without a mention of a word. My mother’s word was law, and if you didn’t agree with her….too bad.

She never thought I could be happy unless I got married again. She would always say, ” I pray every night for you that you find someone who loves you and takes care of you”. I would tell her, “Mom, I’m very happy, I have plenty of friends and family. And besides, Bella, my dog, is always home to greet me when I arrive with her tail wagging.” She always thought that was amusing. All she ever wanted in life was to see her children and grandchildren happy. That is what she lived for. Nothing else mattered to her.

That night, after I found out she died, the first thing I thought of while I tried to go to sleep was my safety net was gone, my security blanket was not there anymore. It was a very lonely and scary feeling. And then I thought, this is what she prepared us for her entire life. These were the lessons taught and learned. Her compassion, her loving nature, her life lessons all came rushing back to me that night. She did for us what she thought  was best. She was always there to help us, it didn’t matter if we didn’t need it. In her own way she taught us to live in a very hard and cruel world and to find a safe haven and love in family. To always be close to one another because that is what got her through growing up in her world. You can always depend on family. They never let you down. I still had plenty of safety nets around me, by brother, my sister, my children. I know and realize I will never be alone. Thanks for teaching me that Mom.


Hot soup on a cold and damp fall day is like a mother’s hug. It’s a comfort food that makes you feel good inside. This soup is a  very simple soup to make and also very nutritious. If you are watching your calories you can have a serving of this soup and only use up 250 calories. Heck, have two bowls.


Lentil Soup with Italian Sausage and Kale

  • 2 tablespoons of olive oil
  • 3/4 cup chopped celery
  • 2 medium carrots, chopped
  • 1 medium onion, chopped
  • 3 cloves garlic, chopped
  • Salt & Pepper to taste
  • 16 ounces of dried lentils, rinsed
  • 28 ounces canned whole tomatoes,  chopped
  • 2 sprigs fresh thyme
  • 1 sprig fresh rosemary
  • 4-5 Italian pork sausages, a little over a pound.
  • 2 cups chopped kale or 12 ounces of frozen kale, thawed

In a medium frying pan over medium heat, add 1/2 cup of water. Prick each sausage in three places with a fork and place them in the frying pan and cover. Cook till the water evaporates. Continue to cook uncovered until the sausages are nice and brown. Remove the sausages to a plate and allow to cool in the refrigerator while you prepare the rest of the soup.

Heat the olive oil over medium heat in a large, heavy pot and add the carrots, celery, onion and garlic. Add a big pinch of salt and some pepper. Cook until softened, about 5 minutes.

Stir in the lentils, tomatoes and 6 cups water. Add the thyme and rosemary and a couple more pinches of salt. Bring to a boil, cover,  and then lower the heat to a simmer. Cook until the lentils are tender, about 1 hour, adding more water if necessary to cover the vegetables.

Meanwhile slice the cooled sausages into half moons.

When the lentils are just tender, taste the soup and add more salt if necessary. Add the kale and cook for about 10 minutes covered, until the kale is tender. Stir in the sausage and cook for another 5 minutes.

Serves 6
250 calories per serving

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Sourdough Pancakes

I know, this is the third sourdough posting in a row. I’m having fun with it and want to share. I know this is not Italian food. But it’s my food. And I think my readers trust me that when I post something it has to be good. And this is really good.

There really is no substitute for sour dough. You need to take the first step and develop your own sourdough starter. It’s easy and simple. My first posting, Sourdough Bread, has the instructions on how to develop those little beasties right in your own kitchen.

Sourdough pancakes don’t taste like any other pancake. Not buttermilk or buckwheat, they have a flavor all their own. Whenever I have a high carb breakfast, like a bowl of oatmeal or pancakes or waffles, I’m usually hungry three hours later. It’s like a flash in the pan. The carbs burn up quickly and I’m left starving before lunch. Not with Sourdough Pancakes. Sourdough pancakes have nothing in common with other pancakes, except in shape and color. And the proof is in the pudding, or sourdough. After a breakfast of sourdough pancakes I’m good until lunch, late lunch. These hotcakes really stick to your ribs. It has to be the high protein content of sourdough. The fermentation of the wild yeast changes things in the flour. It breaks down the grain into amino acids and makes it tolerable even for the gluten intolerant. If you are interested in all the health benefits of sourdough  you should read this article by Sasha Navazesh.

I’ve been making pancakes since the age of 9 or 10. When my mother Rose would get up in the morning and start making breakfast for by brother Richard and sister Annette, I would sit it out. “I’ll make my own breakfast, Mom”, I would say to her dismay. I just liked the way I did it better. My mother was a great cook. I learned everything I know from her and my Grandmother. But my breakfast had to be a certain way. Till this day, when I make breakfast for my sons, they tell me that no one makes bacon and eggs or pancakes and waffles like I do. By now I think I have it down pat. These sourdough pancakes are worth the effort of keeping a pot of sourdough starter going just for them. They are the most tasty, lightest and satisfying hotcakes I ever had. And they taste nothing like regular pancakes, even with all the added butter and syrup and honey you put on. These hotcakes stand alone.

IMG_2515sourdough pancakes cooking Italian comfort food

Sourdough Pancakes

  • 2 cups sourdough starter
  • 2 tablespoons of sugar
  • 4 tablespoons of melted lard or butter or vegetable oil ( I prefer the lard that I make from the pastured pigs I get)
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 teaspoon of salt
  • 1 teaspoon of baking soda diluted with 1 tablespoon of warm water

The night before I want to make pancakes I take out my sourdough from the refrigerator, stir it up and place a cup of it in a large mixing bowl. I replace what I took out of my sourdough container with a cup of flour and half cup of filtered  water. I let it sit on the counter for an hour before I place it back in the fridge to be ready for my next recipe.


To the cup of sourdough I just placed in the mixing bowl, I add a cup of flour and a cup of filtered or spring water. Stir it up, and cover the top with a paper towel or plastic wrap, and let it sit on your counter overnight. The next morning I should have a full 2 cups of  bubbling active sourdough in my bowl. Check to see if it’s the consistency you want in your pancake batter. You can add more water or flour at this point to get it there.


Beat the egg and add that to the sourdough, along with the salt, melted butter and sugar. Stir it up well. Leave the baking soda to the very end when your griddle is hot and ready. Once you have your griddle hot, butter it with some butter. Add the baking soda mixed with 1 tablespoon of warm water and gently fold this into your sourdough. Don’t mix it hard . You will notice the soda reacting to the sourdough and bubbling up.


Pour your sourdough batter onto the hot grill. Wait till the top bubbles before turning.


Turn only once and NEVER pat down your pancake with your spatula. Leave it until you are ready to place it on your plate.


Top with butter, honey or syrup and enjoy.

If you want blueberry sourdough pancakes add a handful of blueberries to the pancake you just poured onto the griddle. Flip it over when ready and enjoy.

I have to say, these hotcakes are good enough to have for dinner. Add some breakfast sausage or bacon or smoked ham to the side and a hot cup of Joe and your set. Guess what I’m having for dinner tonight?

Posted in Bread, eggs | Tagged , , | 5 Comments

No Knead Rustic Sourdough Bread

Some of you might have heard of No Knead bread. It’s relatively a new concept in the world of bread making. The idea is to leave a very wet  dough to rise over a long period of time which helps develop the gluten strands. This takes the place of kneading.  This process gives the bread a wonderful airy center crumb and crisp crust. Also it’s baked in a large pot or dutch oven covered.  If you were using commercial yeast you would use maybe a quarter of what is needed to leaven the amount of flour in the recipe. That’s why you can let the dough sit from 12 to 18 hours waiting for it to rise. Making a sourdough no knead bread uses the same idea except the wild yeast from your starter gives the bread an added sourdough tang. That’s something you just can’t get from commercial years. If you do not have your own sourdough starter please reference my previous post Sourdough Bread. There I explain the way you can capture your own wild yeast and make a starter culture that you can use forever in your bread making adventure. Why bother buying yeast when mother nature provides all you can ever want.

IMG_2525 Cooking Italian Comfort Food

No Knead Rustic Sourdough Bread

  • 16 ounces of unbleached bread flour or 4 ounces of whole wheat and 12 ounces of unbleached bread flour
  • 1 1/4 teaspoon of sea salt
  • 1 1/2 cups warm filtered or spring water
  • 1/4 cup sourdough starter

Some starter might be thinner than needed for this recipe. The best way I can figure to have the right starter consistency is to place the 1/4 cup starter in a large mixing bowl and add 1-2 tablespoons of flour and stir till you get the consistency of a dough that will just about hold its own shape. This amount of flour is above the 16 ounces needed for the recipe. Add the warm water to your starter ball and mix to dissolve the starter as much as possible. Add the salt and stir. Add about 8 ounces of the flour and stir with a wooden spoon until you have a sticky mass. No knead sourdough bread cooking Italian comfort food Add the rest of the flour and stir till it’s all incorporated. That stirring motion is what also helps develop the gluten strands. Cooking Italian Comfort Food Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and allow to rise in a warm place for 18 hours. Best temperature is 80-85 degrees F. I found if I turn my oven on for 25 seconds and then shut it off, the temperature inside the oven will reach 85 degrees F.  It will stay close to that for the 18 hours. Just make sure you have a kitchen thermometer handy to make sure of the temperature. If you are doubtful, just leave it on your kitchen counter.


Liberally flour your work surface. Scrape out the dough onto your work surface.

IMG_2500 Cooking Italian Comfort Food

Sprinkle more flour over the dough and gently fold the ends onto each other on all four sides,  like folding a piece of paper before putting it in an envelope. Do this twice. Allow the dough to rest 15 minutes.


Sprinkle some flour in a greased bowl that will hold the dough with enough room to double in size. Allow the dough to rise 2 hours in the bowl covered.

The best possible place you can bake this bread is in a La Cloche. If you don’t have one, a large dutch oven with a lid or enameled cast iron pot such as Le Creuset works just as well.


Le Creuset


La Cloche

Preheat your oven to 500 degrees F with the La Cloche, or whatever you are using, in the oven. Pull out the oven shelf halfway and with an oven mitt, remove the cover and place close by. With your thumbs on the bottom of the bowl with the sour dough and your four fingers of each hand lightly holding the top of the dough, flip the bowl over and “dump” the dough onto the La Cloche pan or pot, releasing the dough with your fingers once it’s over the pan. Quickly put back on your oven mitt and cover the pan. Slide the shelf back into the oven and bake for 30 minutes. Lower the oven to 450 degrees F and remove the lid and bake another 10-15 minutes until your loaf is golden brown.

IMG_2522Rustic Sourdough Bread Cooking Italian Comfort Food

Cool the loaf on a wire rack for at least 30 minutes before slicing into it. I know, it will be hard, control yourself. If you cut it when the bread is too hot you will ruin the crumb, the inside of the loaf. You can take this time to listen to the loaf “crackle” as it cools. Or, whatever you feel like doing. Just wait the full 30 minutes.



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Sourdough Bread

I have been playing around with sourdough again. I was doing it for years and then I lost my sourdough culture after Superstorm Sandy. I lost my power for two weeks and whatever I had in my refrigerator was gone. I wasn’t in the frame of mind to save anything, other than the essentials, milk, eggs, etc. No power, no water, no heat. I was just trying to get through day by day.  It was at that point I stopped making sourdough.

A couple of weeks ago my son Joseph mentioned some of the best bread he ever ate was my sourdough bread. He planted the seed. I had to start from scratch. If you never had sourdough bread you have missed the way bread was made for thousands of years. The ancient Egyptians used wild yeast to ferment alcoholic beverages and leaven bread over 5,000 years ago. It wasn’t till the 1860’s and the invention of the microscope did scientist isolate these tiny organisms as yeast. Once they did that they were able to select pure strands of yeast and started to use them in commercial baking. It was a boom for bakers, they were able to produce bread in record time. Only problem was they bypassed the fermentation stages of bread making and lost the amazing taste that came with it.  Wild yeast takes much longer to leaven bread than modern commercial yeast. When the dough sits for 8-16 hours many other things happen. Real sour dough is probiotic, like yogurt. So not only is it better for you, but the taste is unequaled. The lactic acid that is produced during the fermenting period gives the sour dough that tang. I’m not going to get into all the health benefits. Let’s just say the Roman soldiers and Yukon miners all lived off of sourdough bread. It gave them all the protein and nutrients they needed. Sourdough also breaks down the gluten in the grain resulting in bread that gluten sensitive people can eat.

To get myself started, I took a plastic pint container and added a cup of purified water (you don’t want any chlorine or other chemicals in the water) or bottled spring water and added that to the container along with a half cup of bread flour and half cup of whole wheat flour. I mixed it all together well.  I left the container on my window sill with the cover placed loosely on top for 24 hours. The next day the “batter” looked just like flour and water. No activity yet. It takes 4-6 days before you see the bubbles of any active wild yeast. I discarded 1/2 cup of the batter and mixed in another 1/2 cup of water and 1 cup of bread flour. I placed it back on the window sill and let it sit for another 24 hours. After the second day there still was no activity. I repeated the procedure the third day, empty 1/2 cup of batter and add in 1/2 cup water and 1 cup of flour. By the fourth day I began to see bubbles in the mixture. The wild yeast from the air and flour started growing. If you smell it at this point is has a yeasty smell. I continued emptying a half cup of batter and adding a half cup of water and cup of flour for another three days. By now the starter was fully active. Within 4 to 6 hours of feeding it I was able to see the expansion of the culture. At this point I placed it all in a wide mouth quart Mason jar. This will be my sour dough cultures new home. Will will call this mixture “starter”.Cooking Italian Comfort Food Sourdough Starter

If you left the starter out at room temperature you would have to feed it every 6 hours or so. It would get to the point where it would over flow the glass jar. Being we are not commercial bakers, we might only bake bread once a week. So you have to keep your starter in the refrigerator to slow down the process and “deactivate” the yeast. You need to take the starter out a day or two before your bread making in order to reactivate it. It’s quite simple to do. After the starter has been in the fridge for a week, take it out, stir it up well and empty out and discard a 1/2 cup of starter. Add 1/2 cup of warm water and 1 cup of flour. Stir well and leave at room temperature. At this point you only want the jar 3/4 full. You need the extra space for it to expand without over flowing. NEVER TIGHTEN THE LID. JUST LOOSELY PLACE ON TOP. Other wise the jar could explode from the pressure of the gas released by the yeast. You will notice that within 6 hours or so the starter is expanding to the top of the jar. I keep the consistency of my starter like a really thick pancake batter, not too runny and not too stiff. You should be able to stand a spoon up in it.  You can adjust by adding more or less water till you get to the consistency you want. If you leave the starter in the refrigerator for more than a week you will notice a dark liquid forming on the top. That’s fine. We call that “hooch” . It actually protects the yeast from bad bacteria forming. When you are ready to use it just stir it back into the starter and begin.

So, we begin with a starter that has been dormant for over a week. I take it out about a day before I want to make bread. Stir it up and discard at least a half a cup. I now place in 1/2 cup of warm water and stir it in good. I then add 1 cup of bread flour and stir it in well. I place the lid on loosely  and leave it at room temperature for at least 6 hours. You should notice the starter growing. When it reaches the top of the lid it’s activated and ready to use. At this point whatever you use, replace with 1/2 cup of water and 1 cup of flour and leave on the counter to activate for about 4-6 hours before placing it back in the refrigerator and ready for your next loaf of bread. It’s not as complicated as it sounds. If you got the bug to make homemade bread the conventional way, using sourdough starter is just the next logical step. And once you start you will not want to make bread any other way. But remember, real bread making is a time-honored process. And the more time the bread sits, the better it will taste and the better it is for you.

I adapted a recipe I had to make basic white bread using my sourdough starter. This makes 2 loafs of the best tasting, superior toasting sandwich bread you ever had! I also use my KitchenAid stand mixer with the dough hook. Cooking Italian Comfort Food Sourdough Bread

Basic Sourdough White Bread

  • 1/2 cup fully activated Sourdough starter
  • 1/2 cup whole milk
  • 3 tablespoons sugar
  • 2 teaspoons salt
  • 3 tablespoons of unsalted butter (I use Kerrygold butter)
  • 1 1/2 cups of warm water
  • 5-6 cups bread flour

Place milk, sugar, salt and butter in a small saucepan and heat over low flame until the butter melts. Remove from the heat and cool to lukewarm. Place the 1/2 cup of sourdough starter in the mixing bowl. A tablespoon at a time, add flour and mix with a spoon until you have a firm dough that will keep its shape. The flour you use here is in addition to the 5-6 cups.

Add the cooled milk mixture along with the 1 1/2 cups of warm water and mix well dissolving the ball of starter. Place the bowl on the mixer with your dough hook. Add 4 1/2 cups of flour and turn it slowly up to speed 2 and mix for 1 minute. Continue on speed 2, add the remaining flour, 1/2 cup at a time and mix about 2 minutes, or until the dough clings to the hook and cleans the sides of the bowl. Knead on speed 2 about 2 minutes longer, or until the dough is smooth and elastic. Dough will be slightly sticky to the touch.

Place the dough in a greased bowl, turning to grease the top. Cover and let rise in a warm place for 6 hours, or until doubled in bulk. I found the best place to make the dough rise in a controlled environment is in my oven. I turn on the oven for about 20 seconds and then turn it off. I keep a thermometer in the oven with the dough to make sure the temperature is within 80-85 degrees F. This is the optimum temperature for the dough to rise in. Another trick to keep the oven at this temperature is to turn on the oven lights. The heat generated from the light will keep the temperature about 85 degrees. Just keep an eye on it so it doesn’t go above that.

Punch the dough down and divide in half. To make a loaf, on a lightly floured surface, roll each half into a rectangle approximately 9×14 inches.  A rolling-pin will smooth dough and remove gas bubbles. Starting at the short end, roll dough tightly. Pinch dough to seal seam. Pinch ends and turn under. Place, seam side down in a greased loaf pan. Cover and let the dough rise in a warm place for at least 2 1/2 hours, or until doubled in bulk. Score the top with a serrated knife and bake at 400 degrees F for 30 minutes, or until golden brown. Remove from the pans immediately and cool on a wire racks for at least 30 minutes before cutting.

I will share my recipe for sourdough peasant bread on my next blog.DSCN2477

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Macaroni with Zucchini and Mint

Here is another classic Sicilian dish that you can throw together with a few seasonal ingredients and walk away with a satisfying meal, that’s tasty and fresh.  This time of year the mint should be plentiful from your garden and the young zucchini is ripe for the picking. If you don’t grow this yourself, farmers markets and grocery stores have all these ingredients fresh this time of year. My son Joseph was surprised that mint would taste this good in a pasta dish. He learned what many Sicilians have known for generations. Don’t be afraid to try this dish. You will be surprised at how great it taste as well.

Summer is no time to spend hours in the kitchen preparing meals when the weather outside is so inviting. You can whip this up in minuets and sit on your patio sipping a glass of vino and enjoying this macaroni. Mint is a staple in my kitchen during the summer. Besides being a great ingredient for making a Mojito, I use it in everything from side dishes to dessert. What’s a Mojito you ask? I’m glad you asked. It’s a Cuban cocktail made with fresh mint, white rum, cane sugar, lime juice and seltzer (or 7-UP, depending on how sweet you like it). It’s a great way of using up all that mint over growing in my garden, and relaxing for the evening. Here is the formula: In a tall High Ball glass(remember those?) add about 5 mint leaves, the juice of 1/2 lime and 2 teaspoons of sugar. Mull it all together till it’s all mashed up. Add a couple of ounces of light rum and a splash of seltzer. Fill the glass with ice and enjoy. Add more sugar or 7-UP instead of seltzer if you like it sweeter.

Mint. It’s so versatile.

Cooking Italian Comfort Food Macaroni with Zucchini and Mint

Macaroni with Zucchini and Mint

  • 3-4 small zucchini sliced 1/4 inch thick
  • 2-3 cloves garlic, smashed
  • Fresh mint leaves, chopped, about 1/2 cup
  • 1/2 cup regular olive oil
  • 1/4 cup grated Pecorino Romano cheese
  • Salt and Pepper to taste
  • 1 lb macaroni

Cooking Italian Comfort Food Macaroni with Zucchini and Mint

Slice the zucchini into 1/8 inch thick rounds. Heat the olive oil over medium high heat in a large frying pan. Add the zucchini and cook till slightly browned on both sides and tender.


Cook the zucchini in batches so they are in a single layer in the pan. Add the garlic to the oil and cook a couple of minuets. Do not brown the garlic.


Return all the zucchini to the pan and remove from the heat.  Add salt and pepper to taste. Cook the macaroni till desired tenderness.


Drain the macaroni and add to the zucchini. Add the chopped mint and 1/4 cup of grated cheese. Toss to coat and serve with extra cheese.

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Pasta alla Norma- Macaroni with Eggplant

This has to be one of my all time favorite macaroni dishes. And it’s pure Sicilian.

When I was 14 years old and traveled throughout Italy with my brother Richard we spent two weeks with my Aunt Angie and Uncle Benny in Sicily. We stayed at a small family run resort near the seaside town of Riposto, not far from Taormina. Riposto was the town my Uncle Benny was from.

A memorable dish they served us for dinner one night was a plate of macaroni with a slice of fried eggplant draped over the top. I never tasted something so wonderful in my life. The macaroni was dressed with a simple light marinara sauce made of fresh tomatoes, garlic and basil. And sitting on top of the plate of pasta was two fried slices of eggplant. It couldn’t be more simple than that. We cut the eggplant into the macaroni and sprinkled on some grated cheese. I’ve been making it that way ever since. And each time I dig into that plate I’m eating a slice of Sicily.

Macaroni with Eggplant

  • 1 medium eggplant sliced in 1/4 inch rounds
  • oil for frying
  • 1  28 ounce can of San Marzano tomatoes, passed through a food mill  OXO Good Grips Food Mill  or mashed with a potato masher
    (Kuhn Rikon Potato Masher)
  • 1 cloves of garlic, chopped
  • 4 tablespoons of olive oil
  • 6 fresh basil leaves, torn
  • 1/2 -1 teaspoon of sugar
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 1 pound of  macaroni, ziti rigati  or rigatoni


Place the sliced eggplant , with the skin on, in a colander and sprinkle each layer with kosher salt. Put a plate on top of the eggplant with a heavy weight on top and allow to sit for at least an hour.


Pat the eggplant dry with a paper towel and heat a large pan with an inch of canola or vegetable oil. When the oil is hot, fry the eggplant till each side is golden brown. Place the fried eggplant in a plate lined with a paper towel to absorb the oil and set aside.


In a large sauce pan, heat 4 tablespoons of olive oil. Add the chopped garlic and cook till the garlic starts to turn golden. Add the tomatoes, sugar, salt and pepper and let the sauce simmer for about 15-20 minutes, or until the sauce thickens. The longer you cook the sauce the more flavor develops. Make sure you stir often when it thickens so you don’t burn the sauce. Taste for seasoning once the sauce is finished.

In the mean time, in a large pot boil 5 quarts of water. Add the  macaroni and cook till al dente.


When the sauce is cooked turn off the heat and add the torn basil leaves. Drain the pasta and add it to the pan with the tomato sauce. Toss the pasta to coat it well.  Place the macaroni in a bowl and top it with two slices of the fried eggplant. Sprinkle plenty of grated cheese on top and enjoy.

Pasta alla Norma

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Biscotti Reginella – Giuggiulena- Sesame Cookies

There was a bakery in my Brooklyn neighborhood  called Termini’s Bakery. The store was at 7615 New Utrecht Avenue. Terminis was baking delicious bread, cookies and Italian Terminispecialties decades before I was born. My grandfather used to get his bread from Terminis all the time. There was a woman there that was his contemporary. Sorry to say I didn’t know her name (other than Mrs. Termini). But on a few occasions when I went to pick up bread for my grandfather she knew I was the “butcher’s grandson” and treated me like royalty. Her daughter, which was about my mother’s age, also knew me. They would give me the bread and rolls my grandfather always got and throw in a Taralli Biscotti, which was a plain vanilla cookie ring, or a Regina Biscotti, which was a cookie rolled in sesame seeds. Once in a while I’d get a Lemon Iced Taralli, which was a cookie knot with lemon flavored icing. Half way home the cookies were gone and I would start to eye the tip of the loaf of Italian Bread. I think my grandparents almost expected a piece of the Italian bread to be missing when I brought it home.

Terminis was located under the El (short for elevated railway), convenient for commuters to pick up bread on their way home.  My father would get off the train after work at night and stop at Terminis to pick up the Italian bread for supper. The local bakeries would increase production during the evening commute because they knew people would be picking up fresh Italian bread for dinner.

Termini made the most delicious Italian bread I have ever eaten. It had a unique taste to it, like no other Italian bread I have ever had. I have not found anything like it since they closed. Their cookies were also unique. They made traditional Sicilian cookies but their cookies had a taste all their own. It’s really a shame  when a bakery this good closes and their recipes are lost forever. If there are any living relatives of this family that might have their original recipes I would  love to know about it.

On Saturday the bakery would make their sausage rolls and Sicilian Pizza. When they ran out, that was it. So you had to get there early so you were not disappointed. Their sausage rolls were simple and delicious. It was noting more than a cooked Italian sausage link wrapped in their delicious bread dough and baked till golden brown. No cheese, no peppers, just the great taste of an Italian sausage. Some things should just be left alone.

Like many other things we remember eating as a kid, these sausage rolls were a treat. My mother would on occasion bring some home from her Saturday shopping run. When I was old enough to cross the street I would go there on my own. When I had an extra 50 cents I’d run to Terminis for a sausage roll and a slice of Sicilian. Both were so good you didn’t even need to heat them up. I would eat them cold right out of their display case. They never made it home.

Biscotti Reginella is a very popular and traditional cookie in Sicily. The Sicilian immigrants that came to America thankfully brought this cookie with them.   It’s a simple cookie coated in sesame seeds and baked to a golden brown. They go great with a cup of espresso or a cafe latte, even a glass of Marsala. One of the simple pleasures of life. That’s what good Italian food is. Simple and delicious.

Biscotti Reginella

Biscotti Reginella

  • 3 1/2 cups of all purpose flour
  • 3/4 cups of sugar
  • 11 tablespoons of unsalted butter, softened to room temperature (1 stick plus 3 tablespoons) **
  • 2 eggs
  • 1/4 teaspoon of salt
  • 1/2 pound of sesame seeds (One 16 oz Bob’s Red Mill – Sesame Seeds White)
  • 1 teaspoon of baking powder
  • 1 teaspoon of vanilla extract* 
  • 3/4 cup of whole milk

*Flavorings vary from town to town. You can substitute the zest of 1 lemon or 1/4 tsp of saffron dissolved in the milk.

**If you want a crisper cookie you can substitute lard for the butter. I think the butter makes the cookies taste better.

Yields 24 cookies.

If you have a stand mixer (KitchenAid PRO 500 Series 5-Quart Mixers)  use the flat paddle to mix this up. You can also mix this up with your hands, but that will take a little longer. Combine in a large bowl the flour, sugar, and baking powder.

Biscotti Reginella

Cut in the butter until it’s incorporated into the flour mixture. Beat the milk, eggs and salt together. Add the liquid to the flour and mix until the dough comes together. Do not over mix.


The dough should be soft  but hold together. Wrap in plastic and refrigerate for two hours.

Making sesame cookies

Cut the dough into four pieces. On a lightly floured board roll each piece into a log about the thickness of your thumb and 18 inches long. Cut the log into 3 inch pieces. You should get 6 pieces per log.  Brush each piece with milk and roll in the sesame seeds to coat.


Place each cookie on a parchment lined cookie sheet.

Bake in a pre-heated 425 degree over for 10 minuets, then reduce the heat to 300 and bake another 10-15 minuets, or until golden brown. Rotate the cookie sheet half way through so they brown evenly.

Remove the cookies from the oven and allow to cool for 5 minuets before placing them on a rack to finish cooling. Once completely cooled you can store these cookies in an air tight container for at least two weeks. They freeze well for future guests.

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Recipes for Super Bowl Party – MY TOP 10 RECIPES FOR YOUR SUPER BOWL PARTY

 The big game is less than a week away and the party has already started in the New York/New Jersey area. Hotels are booked, both teams are already here and attending events all over the  area. I live and work within miles of Met Life Stadium ( I still call it Giant’s Stadium. Sorry Jet Fans). I’m already starting to notice an increase in traffic and activity surrounding the Meadowlands sports complex. This is a great shot of activity and business in the area that we all can use. I’m happy for New York City and New Jersey. We get to showcase the greatest game in the greatest city. I only wish it wasn’t  5 degrees here.

If you are not going to be at the game then chances are you might be hosting a Super Bowl party. Here is a list of great finger food and snacks you can serve with an Italian flair. These aren’t your usual Buffalo Wing/Pig in the Blanket recipes. We know that the game is the most important thing….but what you serve at the party is right up there.

One of my favorite recipe for a party favorite is Scacciata Catanese.


This is a stuffed bread that is delicious and filled with pepperoni and provolone cheese and fried onions. You you can slice it into individual servings for your guests. Here is the posting with the recipe.


Wings are also a staple at Super Bowl parties. Here is a recipe for Super Bowl Sicilian Wings.


These wings are marinated in lemon juice, Italian spices and vinegar and smeared with onions. Finger licking good. Here is the post and recipe.


Calzones are also great party food.

Calzone Barese

You can stuff a calzone with whatever your heart desires. You can use the traditional ricotta and ham filling, Italian meats and cheeses, Italian sausage and peppers, etc. Here is a sweet and savory calzone that is stuffed with onions and olives and raisins. Here is the recipe


Pizza is a hit at any party. This Sicilian pizza can be cut into smaller pieces for your party and served on a platter with tooth picks.

Sicilian PizzaYou can either make the dough yourself or buy ready-made pizza dough at your local bakery or supermarket. I prefer my homemade dough but if you need to cut corners, why not? Here is the post with the recipe.


Eggplant Capanata might not seem like a good party food but it depends on how you serve it.

Eggplant CaponataThis is an ideal bruschetta topping to put on slices of toasted Italian bread. You can top crackers with capanata but it will taste much better on Italian bread. A tray of this will disappear fast. This was one of my first postings and a family favorite. Here is the recipe.


Sandwiches, or as we like to call them in Brooklyn, “Sangwiches”, are a party favorite. You can make party sandwiches with any filling you want. But here is a little twist. Why not make eggplant sandwiches? Melanzane in Carrozza are little eggplant sandwiches filled with mozzarella or Fontina cheese and fresh sage leaves.

Eggplant sandwichYou can serve these whole or cut them in quarters and serve them with toothpicks. You can find the recipe here.


A platter of Stuffed Mushrooms goes a long way.

stuffed mushroomsThis is not a vegetarian version. It’s filled with Italian sausage, bell peppers and onions and plenty of Romano cheese. I cook these in white wine, garlic and olive oil. Give your guests some crusty Italian bread to sop up the gravy under these mushrooms. Here is how they are made.


When you have a party you can’t forget the dessert. Here are three easy to make favorites of mine.

What can be more American than Baseball, Football and Apple Pie?

apple pieAgain, if you want to buy ready-made pie crust to save time you can. Making the filling is easy. Here is the recipe.


I know it’s a Super Bowl party, but who doesn’t like Italian Cheese Cake?

Italian cheese cakeIf you’re serving coffee or espresso, this creamy ricotta cheese cake will end the evening on a high note. Even if your team didn’t win the game. Here is how it’s made.


Want to make a dessert to feed a large crowd? This sheet Crumb Cake is a hit at all my family gatherings.

crumb cakeIt’s easy to make and everyone loves crumb cake. Here is the posting and recipe.

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